Battle of Cunaxa
- (401 b.c.)A major military engagement fought between Persia's King Artaxerxes II and his younger brother, Cyrus the Younger, who sought to usurp the throne. Cyrus marched an army composed of handpicked Persian cavalrymen, some assorted troops from Persian subject nations, and ten thousand or more Greek mercenaries to Cunaxa, situated about 50 miles (80 km) north of Babylon. Soon Artaxerxes' much larger army approached. The Greek writer Xeno-phon, who stood among the Greek ranks, recalls the moment:When afternoon came, dust appeared like a white cloud, and sometime afterwards a sort of blackness spreading far over the plain. But when they came nearer, quickly there were flashes of bronze and spears and the lines [of soldiers] were visible. Cavalry in white corselets [chest protectors] were on the enemy's left wing. ... Next came wicker-shield men, next men-at-arms with wooden shields . . . then more cavalry, [and] bowmen, too. . . . In front of all were chariots. . . . They had the scythes [sharp blades] sticking out sideways from the axles . . . to cut through any [enemies] they met. (Anabasis 1.7)As the battle commenced, the Greeks, commanded by Clearchos, surged forward and attacked. (See Anabasis for Xenophon's description of the charge.) They chased a large contingent of Persians off the field, but in the meantime Artaxerxes' remaining troops began outflanking (moving around the sides and back of) Cyrus's lines. In a desperate move, Cyrus himself charged with some six hundred cavalry at the six thousand horsemen guarding his royal brother. Artaxerxes was knocked to the ground and was whisked away to safety, but Cyrus was struck in the eye and slain. The Greeks returned from their chase to find Artaxerxes the victor. Xeno-phon later described how he and his comrades spent more than a year fighting their way out of Persia.
Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. Don Nardo Robert B. Kebric. 2015.
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Battle of Cunaxa — For the fictional princedom named Cunaxa, see Places of Dragon Prince. Coordinates: 33°19′29.48″N 44°04′46.33″E / 33.3248556°N 44.0795361°E / … Wikipedia
battle of Cunaxa — noun battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne • Syn: ↑Cunaxa • Regions: ↑Babylonia, ↑Chaldaea, ↑Chaldea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle … Useful english dictionary
Cunaxa — noun battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne • Syn: ↑battle of Cunaxa • Regions: ↑Babylonia, ↑Chaldaea, ↑Chaldea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle * * * … Useful english dictionary
Cunaxa — [kyo͞o nak′sə] ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates: site of a battle (401 B.C. ) in which Cyrus the Younger was killed … English World dictionary
Cunaxa, Battle of — ▪ Middle Eastern history (401 BC), battle fought between Cyrus The Younger, satrap of Anatolia, and his brother Artaxerxes II over the Achaemenian throne. Attempting to overthrow Artaxerxes, Cyrus massed his forces and marched inland from… … Universalium
Cunaxa — /kyooh nak seuh/, n. an ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates: famous battle between Cyrus the Younger and Artaxerxes II in 401 B.C. * * * … Universalium
Cunaxa — /kjuˈnæksə/ (say kyooh naksuh) noun an ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates; famous battle between Cyrus the Younger and Artaxerxes II, 401 BC … Australian English dictionary
pitched battle — noun a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place • Hypernyms: ↑battle, ↑conflict, ↑fight, ↑engagement • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Agincourt, ↑Austerlitz, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… … Universalium
Menon of Thessaly — For other Menons or Menos see Meno (disambiguation) Menon (423? 400BC), son of Alexidemus, was a Thessalian, probably from Pharsalus [Diodorus incorrectly identifies him as from Larissa (Bigwood, Ancient Accounts of the Battle of Cunaxa p 350 fn… … Wikipedia